As the body’s largest organ, human skin is responsible for heat regulation, absorption, secretion, protection, excretion and sensation. This amazing organ does a great deal for the body, and it is also what the world sees about a person first. It’s not surprising that skin conditions can feel overwhelming, affecting not only a person’s appearance, but also their self-confidence and overall demeanor. At PCA, we understand that healthy skin is a vital part of a happy and healthy life. That’s why our commitment stretches beyond developing and producing best in-class skin care products that deliver on their promises. PCA SKIN also offers exceptional skin care education and certification for physicians and licensed skin health professionals. While it is important for patients to be knowledgeable about their own skin health, nothing replaces the individualized care provided by a licensed professional. The information on these pages will help you understand the basics about some common skin conditions and help you start a conversation with your clinician about the unique needs of your skin and the goals you would like to achieve.
Hyperpigmentation is described as areas of abnormal darkening of the skin. This darkening can either be one spot or large patchy areas, depending on the cause. This condition is a result of inflammation and can be triggered by sun exposure, hormone fluctuations or skin injuries (acne lesions, a cut or a burn). Some skin types are more susceptible to hyperpigmentation than others. It is important to consult with a licensed skin health professional prior to using products to even skin discoloration, as high percentages of strong ingredients can cause further irritation and a worsening of the condition instead of improvement.
Affecting nearly 45 million Americans each year, acne is the most prevalent skin condition in humans. Typically, acne develops where there is an abundance of oil glands, like the face, scalp, chest, back and neck. While acne is common, it also varies and can be made up of a complex combination of needs to treat. Seeing a professional is the best way to ensure that this condition is treated appropriately and specific to each person’s unique needs.
Aging of the skin can be put into two categories: intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic aging happens naturally over time and is determined by a person’s genetics. Mild facial wrinkling, expression lines, and dry, sensitive skin are likely a result of intrinsic aging. Extrinsic aging is a result of external factors like unprotected sun exposure, smoking, alcohol use, pollution and other lifestyle choices. Extrinsic factors are thought to be responsible for 85% of visible aging and are highly avoidable. Sun exposure is the leading cause of extrinsic aging; the suns damaging rays breakdown the skins support structure, leading to discoloration of the skin, wrinkles, sagging and, in some cases even cancer. When treating visible facial aging, it is important to use products that not only treat existing conditions, but also protect the skin from future damage.
Sensitive skin can present itself in a variety of ways. Patients typically experience a combination of irritation, discomfort, bumps, redness and inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis (commonly referred to as eczema), rosacea and psoriasis are classified as sensitive skin conditions. While it is unclear what specific factors lead to a person having truly sensitive skin, it is possible for skin to become sensitized from over-exposure to harsh topical ingredients or climate. Fragrances, lanolin, formaldehyde, latex and menthol are common irritants that contribute to sensitization of the skin and can lead to contact dermatitis. The use of aggressive chemical and mechanical exfoliants can also increase skin irritation. Always consult a licensed professional for a treatment plan tailored to address the underlying causes and symptoms of your unique sensitive skin.
Generally, rosacea is characterized by persistent redness and breakouts on the central areas of the face, typically affecting the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin. Though there is not a known cure for rosacea, many have seen positive results from medical therapies coupled with cosmeceutical products and professional treatments. For best results, consult a licensed professional for a diagnosis and customized treatment plan to control rosacea symptoms
Psoriasis is a condition where skin cells mature at an accelerated rate. Instead of shedding off at a normal rate, the skin cells remain on the surface of the skin. This auto-immune disease is characterized by lesions caused by a buildup of cells on the skin’s surface, often appearing in red patches with silver scales. Psoriasis is usually classified under the larger category of sensitive skin. For this and other sensitive skin conditions, PCA recommends seeking the advice of a licensed skin health professional to help you define a path to healthy skin.